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More about Acne

       There are 6 main types of acne spots:

  • Blackheads - open clogged pores where oil turns brown when exposed to air

  • Whiteheads - closed clogged pores that are firm and won’t pop

  • Papules - small red bumps that feel sore to touch

  • Pustules - pus filled papules with a white tip

  • Nodules - large painful lumps under the skin

  • Cysts - large lumps filled with pus that look similar to boils

Acne sufferers show a lower percentage of acyl-ceramides containing linoleic acid (Omega 6). Depletion of linoleic acid, a major component of sphingolipids in the follicle, triggers follicular hyperkeratosis, which is a crucial event involved in  comedones formation and impairment of the epidermal barrier function and subsequent inflammatory responses of the skin. Acne can be a disfiguring disease.

Acne Conglobata

Acne Conglobata This is a relatively rare form of acne vulgaris but it is extremely disfiguring and can cause severe psychological as well as physical suffering. Large lesions form on the face, chest, back, buttocks, upper arms, and thighs and can be accompanied by numerous blackheads. It causes damage to the skin and permanent scarring. It is more common in males than females, and the condition can persist for several years.

Acne Fulminans – This is a sudden appearance of Acne Conglobata accompanied with a fever and aching of the joints. It is usually treated with oral steroids.

Gram-Negative Folliculitis – This condition may be caused by long-term treatment of acne with antibiotics. It is a bacterial infection which causes pustules and cysts.

Pyoderma Faciale – This type of acne only affects females usually between the ages of 20 and 40. It causes large painful pustules, nodules and cysts on the face and may leave permanent scarring. It most often occurs in women who have never experienced acne before and usually clears up within a year.

Pseudomonas Folliculitis - occurs after prolonged exposure to contaminated water (hot tab, jacuzzi, spa, whirlpools). Gram-negative aerobic bacteria Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, known for its antibiotic resistance, is responsible for this condition. Natural remedy involved garlic and horseradish.

Pyoderma Faciale

Pseudomonas Folliculitis

Acne Rosacea – This form of acne usually affects people over the age of 30. It causes a red rash on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and chin. There may also be pimples and other skin blemishes. It occurs more often in females than males, although men often have more severe symptoms. It is a different form of acne than Acne Vulgaris and treatment is different for the two types. It has been found to have strong connection to a fungal (yeast) condition Pityrosporum Folliculitis, also known as Malassezia.

Malassezia Pityrosporum Folliculitis (fa

Malassezia Pityrosporum

Malassezia folliculitis (trunk).jpg

​​It is worth mentioning the importance of new findings into this disease and some interesting references to the treatment of Malassezia (Pityrosporum) Folliculitis.    Another important recent finding is the strong role of Selenium and Zinc in battling this disease.

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